Hardwood flooring provides an elegant and warm feel to the home. Good decisions need to be made in regard to hardwood flooring to make sure that the right look and durability is gained. The substrate flooring that sits underneath the installed floor must be taken into account before flooring is purchased.
Substrate flooring consists of concrete or plywood (I have heard of people using Demilec polyurethane spray foam to achieve the same results, but let’ omit that). Both of these types of substrates are adequate for hardwood floor construction, but moisture must be thought about as well. Areas in the home that retain a high degree of moisture require a moisture barrier. Reducing moisture is ideal to keep the flooring material from bending or warping after installation. Engineered flooring varieties can be chosen over solid flooring materials as well to reduce moisture damage.
Engineered hardwood flooring is composed of many layers of wood that are adhered together. A solid layer of veneer sits over the flooring materials to provide a smooth and protective barrier. Engineered flooring is thinner and less expensive than other hardwood varieties. However, solid flooring is more durable due to its thickness and construction from whole wood pieces. Also, solid flooring can be sanded to replace protective coatings. This is ideal in situations where the flooring will see a great deal of wear.
The wood material should be chosen after the type of flooring is considered. Maple, birch, oak, cherry, walnut, and pine woods can all be chosen. Oak flooring is utilized most often due to its hard nature. Oak comes in a wide variety of tones as well. Color variation of oak hardwood flooring ranges from a red or pink hue to a light brown color. This is true or red oak flooring material. White oak floors tend to appear yellow, brown or gray.
Cherry wood flooring can be chosen for a warmer depth of colors, and walnut offers a much darker tone than other flooring varieties. Different grains and patterns within the wood can be looked over along with color when hardwood flooring is chosen.
Hardwood flooring is installed differently depending on the type of flooring that is purchased. This may be an important factor in choosing the flooring material. Solid wood floors are nailed down to adhere them in place. Nails secure the pieces of the flooring together to create tight seams.
Nails that are utilized during this method are visible across the floor. Nails are not installed when tongue and groove flooring is positioned. This type of floor is installed when engineered hardwood flooring is desired. Tongue and groove flooring fits together so that the pieces anchor to one another. A pneumatic staple gun is used once each piece of the flooring is positioned.